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This is our storage space for research, reports, opinion and news for physical activity and the wider system which we've come across.

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health (77)

High TV time is associated with poor physical fitness in youth. Accordingly, intervention strategies need to target a meaningful utilization of TV and other screen-based activities in addition to the promotion of PA in order to ensure sufficient physical fitness in youth. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31993349 (December 2019)
Reduced risk of future heart failure in healthy women may be achieved by remaining physically active from young middle age and throughout life or by increasing the level of physical activity. This is particularly important for sedentary women in middle age. The role of physical activity in preventing the development of obesity must be taken into account. Source: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02813432.2020.1717083 (March 2019)
Although physical activity and sleep have physical health benefits, they may not be protective against future emotional and behavioral problems in childhood in the general population. BMI in the obese or overweight range was significantly associated with current emotional and behavioral problems at the age of 11 years. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32004246 (January 2020)
Active school commuting alone is unlikely to be enough to prevent and reduce the prevalence of overweight/obesity in the most deprived English neighbourhoods. Childhood overweight/obesity-related interventions should focus on promoting participation in a range of health behaviours. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31993476 (February 2020)
This study describes an innovative use of the Behaviour Change Wheel to integrate multiple sources of evidence collected from practice, policy, research, and parent stakeholders to concurrently develop an evidence-based intervention to improve parental infant feeding behaviours and an implementation strategy to facilitate sustainable delivery by health care professionals in routine primary care. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31999887 (January 2020)
Encouraging active travel (particularly cycling) has become increasingly central to transport planning, and growing evidence suggests that bikeway infrastructure, if appropriately designed and implemented, can increase cycling in various settings. A modal shift in transport could also result in reductions in air pollution from tyre, brake, and road surface wear, in addition to a reduction in exhaust-related particulates. Source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19
We found that women who had urgency incontinence sat for significantly longer periods than the women with no incontinence. The solution is not going to be simply telling women to do pelvic floor muscle exercises but also that moving more and reducing time spent sitting may help them, particularly with urgency incontinence. Source: https://www.expressandstar.com/news/uk-news/2020/02/04/incontinence-in-older-women-linked-to-sitting-down-for-too-long/ (February 2020)
A higher level of physical activity during the different menopausal phases was beneficial, especially for skeletal muscle. Menopause‐related hormonal changes predispose women to sarcopenia and osteoporosis and further to mobility disability and fall‐related fractures in later life. New strategies are needed to promote physical activity among middle‐aged women. Source: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/jcsm.12547 (February 2020)
the majority of people with hip and knee OA do not meet physical activity guidelines, and are less active than their age-matched counterparts. Importantly, physical inactivity in people with OA also increases their risk of a number of comorbidities and functional decline, leading to higher health care costs. As walking 150 minutes per week might not be tolerable for individuals with end-stage knee OA, other types of physical activity, such as biking and walking with Nordic poles (walking poles s
Chances are good that you, or someone you know, is dealing with anxiety. One sobering study shows that people with anxiety tend to be more sedentary and do less intense forms of physical activity, if any. That’s ironic, because lacing up your sneakers and getting out and moving may be the single best nonmedical solution we have for preventing and treating anxiety. Source: https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-exercise-help-treat-anxiety-2019102418096 (October 2019)
Physical activity is a key determinant of energy expenditure, as it has a fundamental positive influence on energy balance and weight control. Regular physical activity in children and adolescents is important for obesity prevention and supporting obese adolescents to manage their weight. Source: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0019/339211/WHO_ObesityReport_2017_v3.pdf?ua=1 (2017)
On International Women’s Day in March,  we published our evaluation of the Sporting Equality Fund, a £325,000 set of grants from the Scottish government to get more girls and women participating in physical activity. Fourteen organisations were awarded up to £25,000 for year-long projects – all were asked to look at how participation increased wellbeing. Across the fund as a whole, we saw average life satisfaction go up from 6.9 to 8.0 out of 10, with similar rises across the other three ONS wel