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This is our storage space for research, reports, opinion and news for physical activity and the wider system which we've come across.

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impact of physical activity (31)

During the study, about 11,000 people, or 5.6%, developed chronic kidney disease. Researchers followed most participants for four years or more. After adjusting for other kidney risk factors, the study team found that even people with low levels of physical activity were 7% less likely than those who were sedentary to develop kidney dysfunction. People with moderate physical activity levels had a 6% lower risk. Source: https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-health-kidneys-physical-activity/getting-l
This week the government announced £5bn over five years for cycling and buses, including 250 miles of cycle routes, which they say will be built to tough new design standards. Although Boris Johnson said on Tuesday in the Commons that just £350m of that would be for cycling, this appeared to be a mistake. The DfT says there will not be any clarification on how much money will go where until the spending review. Source: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/bike-blog/2020/feb/12/investing-in-c
Reduced risk of future heart failure in healthy women may be achieved by remaining physically active from young middle age and throughout life or by increasing the level of physical activity. This is particularly important for sedentary women in middle age. The role of physical activity in preventing the development of obesity must be taken into account. Source: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02813432.2020.1717083 (March 2019)
Although physical activity and sleep have physical health benefits, they may not be protective against future emotional and behavioral problems in childhood in the general population. BMI in the obese or overweight range was significantly associated with current emotional and behavioral problems at the age of 11 years. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32004246 (January 2020)
Overall the Daily Mile had a small but non-significant effect on BMIz, however, it had a greater effect in girls suggesting that it might be considered as a cost-effective component of a system-wide approach to childhood obesity prevention. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31988481 (January 2020)
We found that women who had urgency incontinence sat for significantly longer periods than the women with no incontinence. The solution is not going to be simply telling women to do pelvic floor muscle exercises but also that moving more and reducing time spent sitting may help them, particularly with urgency incontinence. Source: https://www.expressandstar.com/news/uk-news/2020/02/04/incontinence-in-older-women-linked-to-sitting-down-for-too-long/ (February 2020)
International research report recommends changing population behaviours and attitudes, using both community and workplace settings, provide an environment that encourages physical activity and that supports the access to facilities. Encourage the participation in programmes and interventions. Encourage more physical activity across society by interlinking systems-wide programmes and interventions. Source: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR4291.html (February 2020)
Coordinated action including the medical community and political decisionmakers is warranted to set in motion what could be the most important revolution in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease: to get patients moving. Source: https://www.openaccessgovernment.org/coronary-artery-disease-medical-revolution/81116/ (January 2020)
The model is set up to provide a “basic” estimate of the value of sport using data for each local authority drawn from national employment surveys, the Active People Survey and data from the national study. Source: https://www.sportengland.org/our-work/partnering-local-government/tools-directory/economic-value-of-sport-local-model/ (Registration required) (November 2015)
Chances are good that you, or someone you know, is dealing with anxiety. One sobering study shows that people with anxiety tend to be more sedentary and do less intense forms of physical activity, if any. That’s ironic, because lacing up your sneakers and getting out and moving may be the single best nonmedical solution we have for preventing and treating anxiety. Source: https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-exercise-help-treat-anxiety-2019102418096 (October 2019)