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This is our storage space for research, reports, opinion and news for physical activity and the wider system which we've come across.

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international (18)

The BCR Pair of ACEs tree image grew out of the need to illustrate the relationship between adversity within a family and adversity within a community. The leaves on the tree represent the ‘symptoms’ of ACEs that are easily recognized in clinical, educational and social service settings, such as a well child visit or a pre-school classroom. Adverse childhood experiences can increase a person’s risk for chronic stress and adverse coping mechanisms, and result in lifelong chronic illness such
Longitudinal study suggests that the perinatal period may be a critical time-period where living closer to green spaces may lower hypertension risk in adulthood, but not obesity. Analysis by type of green space suggested that parks may be more relevant than playgrounds, cemeteries or golf courses. Source: Science Direct March 2020
"Our results add to the evidence that more physical activity is linked to larger brain volume in older people," Gu concluded. "It also builds on evidence that moving your body more often throughout one's life may protect against loss of brain volume." https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/blog/the-athletes-way/202003/4-daily-habits-could-stop-your-brain-shrinking 6th March 2020
WHO Recommendations for placing children at the centre, including Local government leaders should establish a cross-cutting team to mobilise action for child health and wellbeing, involving civil society, children themselves, and other stakeholders as appropriate Source: https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)32540-1/fulltext?dgcid=etoc-edschoice_email_tlchildhealth20_infocus20 (February 2020)
This review revealed considerable variability between national/international physical activity guideline quality, development and recommendations, highlighting the need for rigorous and transparent guideline development methodologies to ensure appropriate guidance for population-based approaches. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32041635 (February 2020)
Study suggests that higher levels of urban development have mixed effects on health and adds further evidence that socioeconomic distress has adverse impacts on multiple physical and mental health outcomes. e.g. Single lane roads were associated with increased diabetes and obesity, while non-single-family home buildings were associated with decreased obesity, diabetes and inactivity. Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32050938 (February 2020)
This large cohort study supports an association between cycling to work and reduced ACM, but found no association for walking or public-transport use and imprecise cause-specific mortality patterns. Source: https://www.cyclingweekly.com/news/latest-news/cycling-to-work-might-just-help-you-live-longer-according-to-new-study-449253 (February 2020)
During the study, about 11,000 people, or 5.6%, developed chronic kidney disease. Researchers followed most participants for four years or more. After adjusting for other kidney risk factors, the study team found that even people with low levels of physical activity were 7% less likely than those who were sedentary to develop kidney dysfunction. People with moderate physical activity levels had a 6% lower risk. Source: https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-health-kidneys-physical-activity/getting-l
From 19th to 22nd November 2018, 26 researchers representing nine countries and a variety of academic disciplines met in Snekkersten, Denmark, to reach evidence-based consensus about physical activity and older adults. It was recognised that the term ‘older adults’ represents a highly heterogeneous population. It encompasses those that remain highly active and healthy throughout the life-course with a high intrinsic capacity to the very old and frail with low intrinsic capacity. The consensus is
International research report recommends changing population behaviours and attitudes, using both community and workplace settings, provide an environment that encourages physical activity and that supports the access to facilities. Encourage the participation in programmes and interventions. Encourage more physical activity across society by interlinking systems-wide programmes and interventions. Source: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR4291.html (February 2020)
‘Increasing cycling for commuting to work in a country with low levels of cycling like New Zealand will require policies directed at both transport and urban planning, such as increasing housing density and implementing cycling networks.’ Source: https://www.transportxtra.com/publications/local-transport-today/news/63278/people-who-cycle-to-work-have-lower-risk-of-dying-says-new-zealand-study (January 2020)
Researchers at Dublin City University have carried out an all Ireland study of over two thousand primary school children on the island of Ireland, and have found that one in four cannot run properly; one in two cannot kick a ball properly; and less than one in every five can throw a ball. Source: https://www.dcu.ie/news/news/2020/Jan/Researchers-DCU-find-25-of-primary-school-age-children-cannot-run-properly.shtml (January 2020)
Chances are good that you, or someone you know, is dealing with anxiety. One sobering study shows that people with anxiety tend to be more sedentary and do less intense forms of physical activity, if any. That’s ironic, because lacing up your sneakers and getting out and moving may be the single best nonmedical solution we have for preventing and treating anxiety. Source: https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/can-exercise-help-treat-anxiety-2019102418096 (October 2019)